Samurai training was based upon three principles: Chi, Jin, and Yu, or wisdom, benevolence, and courage. Training began in early youth, and included fencing, archery, jujitsu, horsemanship, use of the spear, tactics, calligraphy, ethics, literature, and history (p. 96). As part of the code of chivalry, the use of money was considered disdainful, in order to protect the samurai from greed and corruption. Character development took precedence over intelligence, and the development of the personality was encouraged.
Character development took precedence over intelligence… hmmm, it would be good if today we placed such emphasis on character development.