Factors that promote resilience

Factors that promote resilience

20 evidence-formed factors associated with resilience.

Individual-Level Factors

Positive coping
The process of managing taxing circumstances, expending effort to solve personal and interpersonal problems, and seeking to reduce or tolerate stress or conflict, including active/pragmatic, problem-focused, and spiritual1 approaches to coping

Positive affect
Feeling enthusiastic, active, and alert, including having positive emotions, optimism, a sense of humor (ability to have humor under stress or when challenged), hope, and flexibility about change

Positive thinking
Information processing, applying knowledge, and changing preferences through restructuring, positive reframing, making sense out of a situation, flexibility, reappraisal, refocusing, having positive outcome expectations, a positive outlook, and psychological preparation

Realism
Realistic mastery of the possible, having realistic outcome expectations, self-esteem and self-worth, confidence, self-efficacy, perceived control, and acceptance of what is beyond control or cannot be changed

Behavioral control
The process of monitoring, evaluating, and modifying emotional reactions to accomplish a goal (i.e., self-regulation, self-management, self-enhancement)

Physical fitness
Bodily ability to function efficiently and effectively in life domains

Altruism
Selfless concern for the welfare of others, motivation to help without reward”

Family-Level Factors

Emotional ties
Emotional bonding among family members, including shared recreation and leisure time

Communication
The exchange of thoughts, opinions, or information, including problem-solving and relationship management

Support
Perceiving that comfort is available from (and can be provided to) others, including emotional, tangible, instrumental, informational, and spiritual support

Closeness
Love, intimacy, attachment

Nurturing
Parenting skills

Adaptability
Ease of adapting to changes associated with military life, including flexible roles within the family

Unit-Level Factors

Positive command climate
Facilitating and fostering intra-unit interaction, building pride/support for the mission, leadership, positive role modeling, implementing institutional policies

Teamwork
Work coordination among team members, including flexibility

Cohesion
Unit ability to perform combined actions; bonding together of members to sustain commitment to each other and the mission

Community-Level Factors

Belongingness
Integration, friendships, including participation in spiritual/faith-based organizations, protocols, ceremonies, social services, schools, and so on, and implementing institutional policies

Cohesion
The bonds that bring people together in the community, including shared values and interpersonal belonging

Connectedness
The quality and number of connections with other people in the community; includes connections with a place or people of that place; aspects include commitment, structure, roles, responsibility, and communication

Collective efficacy
Group members’ perceptions of the ability of the group to work together

Excerpt From: Ritschard, Hans V. “Promoting Psychological Resilience in the U.S. Military.” Rand Corporation, 2011–06–27T07:00:00+00:00.

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